1999/2003 Entre Douro e Minho Agroclimatological ATLAS.
Climate, Climate Risks, Vineyard, Pome Fruit, Vegetables
Ana Monteiro (coord.), Carmen Ferreira, Helena Madureira, Hervé Quenol, Ângela Maciel, António Pinto, Ilda Ramadas, Joaquim Guerner
This project was intended to meet the agroclimatological context of Entre Douro e Minho (EDM) and develop elucidative thematic cartography for the main climatic constraints towards the success of some agricultural practices. The elaborated thematic cartography was always based in spatially integrative readings of the analysis and the information processing, namely concerning:
(i) the spatial distribution of the economically relevant agricultural species in the EDM - pome fruit, vines and vegetables;
(ii) the geomorphological potential constraints towards the definition of subregional and local climatological standards;
(iii) the differentiation of the agroclimatological mosaics of the EDM;
(iv) the definition of climatic indicators which characterize the potential atmospheric calamities (frosts, heat waves, floods, etc.) and its probable occurrence dates;
(v) the definition of the climatic conditions which conduct to the appearance of plant parasites and its probable occurrence dates;
(vi) the establishment of probabilities for the occurrence of some limits of minimum and maximum temperature, precipitation and relative air humidity at the EDM.
Like this, we begun by accomplishing a diagnosis of the several climatological contexts, resulting from the reading and the analysis of temperature records (minimum and maximum), precipitation and relative humidity of the twenty six (26) stations integrated in the network of the Warnings Station of the Agricultural Regional Direction of Entre Douro e Minho (DRAEDM), whose results constituted a knowledge deepening exercise, on this domain, inedited at this scale of analysis (the Portuguese NW) and for the analysis period (1978-1998). On the framework of the deep knowledge of climatological matrixes where agriculture is anchored, an effort towards the evaluation of the risks associated with the agricultural success from the identification of the probability for the occurrence of paroxysms in this area was followed. At last, two sample-areas were defined for the accomplishment of agroclimatological monitoring associated to the observation of the vineyard biological vitality and vulnerability.
The project finished with the accomplishment of the Agroclimatological ATLAS of Entre Douro e Minho.